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The Indiana University Lilly Family School of Philanthropy has been conducting the Global Philanthropy Tracker study every two years to measure the flow of charitable giving across countries. The Beautiful Foundation became a partner in the project in 2019 to provide information on Korea's cross-border giving.This report was written jointly by The Center on Philanthropy at The Beautiful Foundation and Dr. Sung-Ju Kim, assistant professor of social work at North Carolina State University.For the full report of the 2020 Global Philanthropy Tracker, please go to https://globalindices.iupui.edu/tracker/index.html* The data for this report were provided by Korea NGO Council for Overseas Development Cooperation (KCOC) and GuideStar Korea.ContentThe philanthropic giving environment in South KoreaInformation on philanthropic giving in South Korea, including the amounts, sources, and uses of domestic philanthropic contributionsNew forms of philanthropyFuture trends in the philanthropic landscapeKey recommendations to improve the environment for philanthropy
Rockefeller Archive Center;
The proposed project for the research at the Rockefeller Archive Center (RAC) was "a re-assessment of the discourse of the International in the twentieth century." It was to examine how the idea of the "International" was formed. By the "International," I meant the counter-communist notion of the "International," which became the core of what we often term the "liberal international order" of the twentieth century. This research now forms a part of my broader book project. What follows here are my findings on one of the three focuses in this recent research at the RAC, which were also synthesized with documents from the League of Nations Archives and the Unesco Archives, and my thoughts on them.
ASIA SOCIETY POLICY INSTITUTE;
The Asia Society Policy Institute (ASPI) decided to conduct an examination of certain BRI infrastructure projects in the Indo-Pacific to assess the BRI's likely military and geostrategic aspects. The project was designed to apply fact-based and objective scrutiny to the question of the military intent, involvement, and benefits from the BRI along China's vital supply lines. This report complements ASPI's other ongoing efforts to analyze the BRI such as the "Navigating the Belt and Road" project.
Global Network on Extremism and Technology (GNET);
The use of social media platforms and chat applications in Asia has grown exponentially in recent years. Throughout the 2010s, violent extremists (VEs) in different parts of the continent exploited this growing access to audiences, disseminating their divisive messages broadly, while targeting individuals in fringe online groups. Technology companies and governments eventually imposed relatively effective measures to moderate overtly terrorist content, remove accounts and limit reach. However, the dynamics of broader communication on platforms that reward contentious engagement is continuing to inflame domestic political polarisation and societal division.Indonesia, the Philippines, Myanmar, and India are four Asian nations with unique but comparable experiences regarding the impact of online communications on social fault lines, extremism and violence. This report outlines and analyses these respective contexts.
Medecins Sans Frontieres;
The Rohingya people live in northern Rakhine state (formerly Arakan), located in western coastal Union of Myanmar (formerly Union of Burma) bordering Bangladesh to the north. The stateless Rohingya are predominately a Muslim minority, in a majority-Buddhist country. Since the late 70s, the Rohingya have fled persecution and violence to seek refuge in Bangladesh.The case study "MSF and the Rohingya 1992 - 2014" brings to light two decades of MSF advocacy activities as part of its humanitarian assistance to the Rohingya people in Bangladesh and Myanmar and explores the questions and dilemmas the organisation was confronted with surrounding speaking out.
This white paper provides an overview of the human rights situation for these populations in Myanmar and Bangladesh and the causes of the internet shutdowns in both countries. The report illustrates that, by impeding the rights of IDPs and refugees, violations of digital rights are violations of human rights. At the heart of Lockdown and Shutdown are sixteen semi-structured qualitative interviews, conducted with Rakhine, Rohingya, Chin IDPs in conflict-affected areas in Myanmar, and Rohingya refugees residing in Bangladesh, which give a voice to those who have been deprived of one, as well as reveal the devastating impacts of the internet shutdowns in the two countries.The report also demonstrates that there are commonalities in the impacts of the shutdowns in Myanmar and Bangladesh, specifically in the areas of public health information around COVID-19, education, and access to reliable news in misinformation-rich environments, as well as differences in areas like work, access to healthcare, and physical security and offers key recommendations to the governments of Myanmar and Bangladesh.
Stockholm International Peace Research Institute;
The ongoing renaissance of artificial intelligence (AI) is reshaping the world. Just like many other developing countries, India and Pakistan—the two nuclear-armed states of South Asia—are exploring the subsequent opportunities for economic and social change. Their political leaders seem to prioritize civilian applications of AI over the military, and public attention reflects the political priorities. National efforts to militarize AI do not receive the same public coverage as civilian AI developments
Centre for Governance Studies;
While there has been a significant growth of the media industry during the last two decades, Bangladesh has also experienced serious erosion of media freedom. To unpack the complex relationship between ownership and media, gathering data and understanding the overlapping features of ownership are essential. It is against this background that this report has explored the question: who owns the media in Bangladesh? Relevant informationand statistics on the media in Bangladesh—both in terms of numbers of media outlets and their typologies, e.g., print, electronic, radio and web-based etc., the nature of media ownership and the scope of press freedom are presented in this report.
Azim Premji University;
This report documents the impact of one year of Covid-19 in India, on jobs, incomes, inequality, and poverty. It also examines the effectiveness of policy measures that have thus far been undertaken to offer relief and support. Finally, it offers some policy suggestions for the near and medium-term future.When the pandemic hit, the Indian economy was already in the most prolonged slowdown in recent decades. On top of this, there were legacy problems such as a slow rate of job creation and lack of political commitment to improving working conditions which trapped a large section of the workforce without access to any employment security or social protection.Our analysis shows that the pandemic has further increased informality and led to a severe decline in earnings for the majority of workers resulting in a sudden increase in poverty. Women and younger workers have been disproportionately affected. Households have coped by reducing food intake, borrowing, and selling assets. Government relief has helped avoid the most severe forms of distress, but the reach of support measures is incomplete, leaving out some of the most vulnerable workers and households. We find that additional government support is urgently needed now for two reasons - compensating for the losses sustained during the first year and anticipating the impact of the second wave.
Centre for Peace and Development Initiatives;
The importance of timely, accurate, and reliable information became evident during the Covid-19 pandemic as the media and the public alike felt the pressures of our vulnerable information ecosystem. The issue of trust in the media also took on a new significance. It was clear that without public trust in media, the effectiveness of awareness messages for health safety would fade away and the public health response to control the pandemic itself could be undermined.This research study looks at the information needs and news consumption behaviour of the Pakistani public during the pandemic to see what information sources and types of media they relied on for Covid-19 updates. Its primary concern is to determine the level of trust that people assigned to the media and other information sources that provided Covid-19 coverage. The study also attempts to identify whether or not the pandemic generally affected the access to information of citizens. A nationwide survey of 345 individuals was conducted to find out their use and trust perception about media and information sources for Covid-19 news.
Pakistan Centre for Philanthropy;
Pakistan is one of the fastest growing countries in the Asian region with a population of nearly 220 million people, with an estimated number of 49.5 million people living in poverty. These socio-economic conditions are the main driving source behind the estimated 15,000 to 20,000 nonprofits (NPOs) operating in the country. Almost 46% of NPOs work in education, and approximately 17% focus on civil rights and advocacy; the remainder provides social services in areas of health, relief, culture and recreation. Given this landscape, as well as the need to navigate the rules and regulations of both donor and recipient jurisdictions, especially from the perspective of a US donor and/or grant-maker, it is vital to have a comprehensive understanding of the local context, as well as the requirements and conditions impacting cross-border giving to Pakistan.We expect that these guidelines will be of value to the broad spectrum of donors, grant-makers and NPOs. I look forward to working together to further enhance cross-border philanthropic inflows to Pakistan.
Gender equality figures as the fifth goal in the list of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) initiated by the United Nations. Women's empowerment thus remains central to gender mainstreaming as well as economic, social, environmental and political development. Dasarathi views women's empowerment in two ways – the 'general and specific'. In the 'general sense' it is the process of accessing 'opportunities' and 'freedom' to become 'self-dependent'. In the 'specific sense' it refers to 'enhancing their position in the power structure of society'. Thus, control over economic resources, improved social status and political participation, along with control over their own lives 'enables them to move from the periphery to the centre stage' (Bhuyan, Dasarathi: Empowerment of Indian Women: A Challenge of 21st Century. Orissa Review, January – 2006).EdelGive Foundation through its different women empowerment and livelihood programmes has realised that entrepreneurship enables multiple positive outcomes for women themselves, families and the nation. These experiences suggest that Women Entrepreneurship develops women's capabilities to access economic opportunities, nurture their decision-making abilities and taking control over financial and nonfinancial resources.In order to develop further insights and data points about the pathway of entrepreneurship for young women from semi-urban and rural areas, EdelGive has initiated a national level landscape study covering Women Entrepreneurs (WEs) from different states in India. The study is expected to provide a comprehensive view of the challenges with respect to women's access and opportunities to resources for enterprise development and sustenance.